Medical Journal of Malaysia

Notice to Contributors

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Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by your data. Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed. State new hypotheses when warranted, but clearly label them as such. Recommendations, when appropriate, may be included.


Acknowledge grants awarded in aid of the study (state the number of the grant, name and location of the institution or organisation), as well as persons who have contributed significantly to the study.

Authors are responsible for obtaining written permission from everyone acknowledged by name, as readers may infer their endorsement of the data.


Authors are responsible for the accuracy of cited references and these should be checked before the manuscript is submitted.

Number references consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Identify references in text, tables and legends by Arabic numerals (superscripts). References cited only in tables or legends to figures should be numbered in accordance with a sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or illustration.

Use the form of references adopted by the US National Library of Medicine and used in the Index Medicus. Use the style of the examples cited at the end of this section, which have been approved by the National Library of Medicine.

The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in the Index Medicus.

Try to avoid using abstracts as references; “unpublished observations” and “personal communications” may not be used as references, although references to written, not verbal, communication may be inserted (in parenthesis) in the text. Include among the references manuscripts accepted but not yet published; designate the journal followed by “in press” (in parenthesis). Information from manuscripts should be cited in the text as “unpublished observations” (in parenthesis).

The references must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents. List all authors when six or less; when seven or more list only the first six and add et al. Examples of correct forms of references are given below:

Example references


  1. Standard Journal Article
    Chua SK, Kilung A, Ong TK, Fong AY, Yew KL, Khiew NZ et al. Carotid intima media thickness and high sensitivity C-reactive protein as markers of cardiovascular risk in a Malaysian population. Med J Malaysia 2014; 69(4): 166-74.

Books and Other Monographs:

  1. Personal Author(s)
    Ghani SN, Yadav H. Health Care in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press; 2008.
  2. Corporate Author
    World Health Organization. World Health Statistics 2015. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2015.
  3. Editor, Compiler, Chairman as Author
    Jayakumar G, Retneswari M, editors. Occupational Health for Health Care Professionals. 1st ed. Kuala Lumpur: Medical Association of Malaysia; 2008.
  4. Chapter in Book
    Aw TC. The occupational history. In: Baxter P, Aw TC, Cockroft A, Durrington P, Malcolm J, editors. Hunter’s Disease of Occupations. 10th ed. London: Hodder Arnold; 2010: 33-42.
  5. Agency Publication
    National Care for Health Statistics. Acute conditions: incidence and associated disability, United States, July1968 - June 1969. Rockville, Me: National Centre for Health Statistics, 1972. (Vital and health statistics). Series 10: data from the National Health Survey, No 69). (DHEW Publication No (HSM) 72 - 1036).

Online articles

  1. Webpage: Webpage are referenced with their URL and access date, and as much other information as is available. Cited date is important as webpage can be updated and URLs change. The "cited" should contain the month and year accessed.

    Ministry of Health Malaysia. Press Release: Status of preparedness and response by the ministry of health in and event of outbreak of Ebola in Malaysia 2014 [cited Dec 2014]. Available from:

    Kaos J. 40°C threshold for ‘heatwave emergency’ Kuala Lumpur: The Star Malaysia; [updated 18 March 2016, cited March 2016]. Available from:

Other Articles:

  1. Newspaper Article
    Panirchellvum V. 'No outdoor activities if weather too hot'. the Sun. 2016; March 18: 9(col. 1-3).
  2. Magazine Article
    Thirunavukarasu R. Survey - Landscape of GP services and health economics in Malaysia. Berita MMA. 2016; March: 20-1.

Tables and illustrations:

Roman numerals should be used for numbering tables. Arabic numerals should be used when numbering illustrations and diagrams. Illustrations and tables should be kept to a minimum.

All tables, illustrations and diagrams should be fully labelled so that each is comprehensible without reference to the text. All measurements should be reported using the metric system.

Each table should be typed on a separate sheet of paper, double-spaced and numbered consecutively. Omit the internal horizontal and vertical rules. The contents of all tables should be carefully checked to ensure that all totals and subtotals tally.

Photographs of Patients:

Proof of permission and/or consent from the patient or legal guardian must be submitted with the manuscript. A statement on this must be included as a footnote to the relevant photograph.

Colour reproduction:

Illustrations and diagrams are normally reproduced in black and white only. Colour reproductions can be included if so required and upon request by the authors. However, a nominal charge must be paid by the authors for this additional service; the charges to be determined as and when on a per article basis.


Use only standard abbreviations. The full-term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text, unless it is a standard unit of measurement. Abbreviations shall not be used in the Title.

Formatting of text:

Numbers one to ten in the text are written out in words unless they are used as a unit of measurement, except in figures and tables. Use single hard-returns to separate paragraphs. Do not use tabs or indents to start a paragraph. Do not use the automated formatting of your software, such as hyphenation, endnotes, headers, or footers (especially for references). Submit the Manuscript in plain text only, removed all ‘field codes’ before submission. Do not include line numbers. Include only page number.

Best Paper Award:

All original papers which are accepted for publication by the MJM, will be considered for the ‘Best Paper Award’ for the year of publication. No award will be made for any particular year if none of the submitted papers are judged to be of suitable quality.